DArTseq Data Types
DArTseq generates multiple data sets to support your research efforts and improve call rates and reproducibility.
Data types for DArTseq services
What types of data does DArTseq generate?
DArTseq generates two types of data:
- Scores for presence/absence (dominant) markers, called SilicoDArTs as they are analogous to microarray DArTs, but extracted in silico from sequences obtained from genomic representations, and;
- SNPs in fragments present in the representation.
It is also possible to extract Copy Number Variation (CNV) polymorphism information from some DArTseq representations.
The 0/1 scores are based on a range of DNA variation types: SNPs and small indels in restriction enzyme recognition sites, larger insertions/deletions in restriction fragments and at lower frequency, methylation variation at restriction sites when methylation sensitive enzymes are used in complexity reduction methods.
As most of DArTseq methods are using methylation sensitive RE, the polymorphism patterns produced by DArTseq include a component of methylation profiling and therefore can detect epigenetic variation (similarly to most of microarray DArT methods). Compared to genome profiling using SNP assays only, the DArTseq method is much more comprehensive in terms of molecular variation underlying the polymorphisms and provides data at a more affordable price.
The main difference between DArTseq and other genotyping-by-sequencing methods is how complexity reduction is achieved.
How DArTseq compares to other genotyping approaches using sequencing platforms.
DArTseq complexity reduction not only uses methods that are very simple, high-throughput and inexpensive. They also efficiently target low copy sequences, with often as many as 90% of DArTseq markers aligning uniquely to a reference genome, in the case of species where we have references in our database.
This deep sequencing of DArTseq representations means that the quality of extracted markers – both call rates and reproducibility – is very high. It also enables reliable calling of heterozygotes in large proportion of SNP markers even in polyploidy species like wheat