Population genomics has the potential to improve studies of evolutionary genetics, molecular ecology and conservation biology, by facilitating the identification of adaptive molecular variation and by improving the estimation of important parameters such as population size, migration rates and phylogenetic relationships. There has been much excitement in the recent literature about the identification of adaptive molecular variation using the population-genomic approach. However, the most useful contribution of the genomics model to population genetics will be improving inferences about population demography and evolutionary history.
In this paper we focus on two technologies that appear to be suited for whole-genome profiling: SNP and DArT. Sequencing accomplishments in several model species have shown that the value of sequencing is limited without comprehensive information about genome diversity.