Diversity Arrays Technology (DArT), developed over a decade ago, was among the first “democratizing” genotyping technologies, as its performance was primarily driven by the level of DNA sequence variation in the species rather than by the level of financial investment
Rye (Secale cereale L.) is an economically important crop, exhibiting unique features such as outstanding resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses and high nutrient use efficiency. This species presents a challenge to geneticists and breeders due to its large genome containing a high proportion of repetitive sequences, self incompatibility, severe inbreeding depression and tissue culture recalcitrance. The genomic resources currently available for rye are underdeveloped in comparison with other crops of similar economic importance. The aim of this study was to create a highly saturated, multilocus linkage map of rye via consensus mapping, based on Diversity Arrays Technology (DArT) markers.
Diversity Arrays Technology (DArT) provides whole genome profiling for hundreds to thousands of polymorphic markers in a single assay using a high-throughput microarray platform. The presented work aimed to establish DArT genotyping for the genetically challenging genome of sugarcane. Due to the genome complexity of this sugar-producing crop of high economic importance, an application of DArT genotyping to this species required extensive testing and optimization.
Implementation of molecular breeding in rye (Secale cereale L.) improvement programs depends on the availability of high-density molecular linkage maps. However, the number of sequence-specific PCR-based markers available for the species is limited. Diversity Arrays Technology (DArT) is a microarray-based method allowing for detection of DNA polymorphism at several thousand loci in a single assay without relying on DNA sequence information. The objective of this study was the development and application of Diversity Arrays technology for rye.
Diversity Arrays Technology (DArT) for pan-genomic evolutionary studies of non-model organisms. High-throughput tools for pan-genomic study, especially the DNA microarray platform, have sparked a remarkable increase in data production and enabled a shift in the scale at which biological investigation is possible. The use of microarrays to examine evolutionary relationships and processes, however, is predominantly restricted to model or near-model organisms.
Despite a substantial investment in the development of panels of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers, the simple sequence repeat (SSR) technology with a limited multiplexing capability remains a standard, even for applications requiring whole-genome information. Diversity arrays technology (DArT) types hundreds to thousands of genomic loci in parallel, as previously demonstrated in a number diploid plant species.