Promising genome regions for improving cold tolerance of sorghum were identified on chromosomes SBI-01, SBI-03, SBI-07, and SBI-10. Chlorophyll fluorescence had no major effect on growth rates at low temperatures. Developing fast growing sorghum seedlings is an important breeding goal for temperate climates since low springtime temperatures are resulting in a prolonged juvenile development.
Among the major limitations for cultivating biomass sorghum in temperate regions is low temperature in spring that results in low and non-uniform emergence. The adaptation of sorghum to tropical and subtropical highlands gives hint of genetic variation in cold tolerance during emergence. The objective of the present study was to detect marker–trait associations for parameters describing the emergence process under different temperature regimes.