Grain protein content (GPC) is an important quality determinant for barley used as malt, feed as well as food. It is controlled by a complex genetic system. GPC differs greatly among barley genotypes and is also variable across different environments.
The genetic associations and differences of four protein fractions were investigated in Tibetan wild barley. Albumin, globulin and hordein contents were under genetic control probably via multiple genes/quantitative trait loci. A correlation analysis showed that globulin was significantly associated with albumin, glutelin and hordein, while hordein was closely correlated with glutelin.