Meta-QTL analysis of the genetic control of ear emergence in elite European winter wheat germplasm

Variation in ear emergence time is critical for the adaptation of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to specific environments. The aim of this study was to identify genes controlling ear emergence time in elite European winter wheat germplasm. Four doubled haploid populations derived from the crosses: Avalon × Cadenza, Savannah × Rialto, Spark × Rialto, and Charger × Badger were selected which represent diversity in European winter wheat breeding programmes